Letters

Letters 02-08-2016

Less Ageism, Please The January 4 issue of this publication proved to me that there are some sensible voices of reason in our community regarding all things “inter-generational.” I offer a word of thanks to Elizabeth Myers. I too have worked hard for what I’ve earned throughout my years in the various positions I’ve held. While I too cannot speak for each millennial, brash generalizations about a lack of work ethic don’t sit well with me...Joe Connolly, Traverse City

Now That’s an Escalation I just read the letter from Greg and his defense of the AR15. The letter started with great information but then out of nowhere his opinion went off the rails. “The government wants total gun control and then confiscation; then the elimination of all Constitutional rights.” Wait... what?! To quote the great Ron Burgundy, “Well, that escalated quickly!”

Healthy Eating and Exercise for Children Healthy foods and exercise are important for children of all ages. It is important for children because it empowers them to do their best at school and be able to do their homework and study...

Mascots and Harsh Native American Truths The letter from the Choctaw lady deserves an answer. I have had a gutful of the whining about the fate of the American Indian. The American Indians were the losers in an imperial expansion; as such, they have, overall, fared much better than a lot of such losers throughout history. Everything the lady complains about in the way of what was done by the nasty, evil Whites was being done by Indians to other Indians long before Europeans arrived...

Snyder Must Go I believe it’s time. It’s time for Governor Snyder to go. The FBI, U.S. Postal Inspection Service and the EPA Criminal Investigation Division are now investigating the Flint water crisis that poisoned thousands of people. Governor Snyder signed the legislation that established the Emergency Manager law. Since its inception it has proven to be a dismal failure...

Erosion of Public Trust Let’s look at how we’ve been experiencing global warming. Between 1979 and 2013, increases in temperature and wind speeds along with more rain-free days have combined to stretch fire seasons worldwide by 20 percent. In the U.S., the fire seasons are 78 days longer than in the 1970s...

Home · Articles · News · Features · Rare Earths Our technological...
. . . .

Rare Earths Our technological vulnerability

- July 25th, 2011
Rare Earths: Our technological vulnerability
Remember this poem from your school days? “For the want of a nail, a shoe
was lost/ For the want of a shoe, a horse was lost/ For the want of a
horse, a rider was lost/ For the want of a rider, a message was lost/ For
the want of a message, a battle was lost/ For the want of a battle, a
country was lost/ For the want of a nail.”
This situation has been repeated again and again and is still happening.
In World War II with the German steel factories turning out weapons for
the Nazi forces, an insurance specialist was called in by the Allies to
identify the weak link in the German military production. The simple
solution was this: German steel manufacturing demanded sulfuric acid. The
source was a single plant in southern Germany and the acid was produced in
ceramic vats. All that was needed was for a spy saboteur to take a hammer
to the acid vats and break them. This was done and German steel production
was set back for months until new ceramic vats could be made.
During the Vietnam War when the primary infantry weapon was the M16 rifle,
the ammunition was produced in one factory in East Alton, Illinois. As the
story goes, one day a carpenter moved an electrician’s cable. Carpenters
weren’t supposed to touch electricians’ stuff, and there was a strike that
shut down the production of the M16 ammunition. In a short time the troops
in Vietnam were running out of ammunition, and the government had to see
that a couple more factories were contracted to make more ammunition, even
after the strike ended, all because of a minor labor dispute.
I learned that only one company in the country made brushes for electric
motors, If they went out of production that would stop all companies from
building electric motors.

JAPAN & PAINT
Today, because of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan, a key ingredient
for U.S. auto production is no longer available. It is pigment for the
paint used in auto production. That is the weak link.
More sinister is this one: five state-of-the art foundries were built in
Michigan for the manufacture of windmills to generate electricity. You may
have seen some of those massive constructions. They are as tall as 300
feet, like a 30-story building, but the key part is the generator that
makes the electricity. It’s a small unit, but the construction of the
generators requires rare earth.
Rare earths are mineral substances that are hard to find with names like
Yttrium, Praseodymium, Samerium, Europium, Erbium and Promethium. Many
are used for the construction of lasers (Dysprosium, Holmium, Erbium,
Ytterbium, etc.). Need a nuclear battery? Then you’ll need the rare
earth Promethium to build one. Aerospace aluminum, rare earth magnets,
vanadium steel and many other technologically-advanced materials and
products all rely on rare earths (ie., Scandium Dysprosium, Erbium).
In the case of Michigan’s windmill generators, the one mine in America
that produced the rare earth needed for a key part was closed because a
Chinese source was more plentiful. Ah, but the Chinese also build
windmills and they have announced that they are curtailing export of the
essential rare earths. As a result, the five Michigan foundries are closed
down, and China is on the way to cornering the world windmill production.

THE HELIUM MARKET
The United States did something similar to Germans in the days of the
Hindenberg and other lighter-than-air ships of the 1930s. The U.S. is
the world’s source for helium and would not sell it to the
technologically-advanced Germans, so they were forced to substitute
flammable hydrogen for their dirigibles. Result: poof! The fiery crash
of the Hindenberg at Lakehurst, New Jersey in 1937 was the death knell
for airships. That was in spite of a flawless record of the Graf
Zeppelin in making more than 70 trips from Germany to South America.
The future of an industry -- even of a country -- can depend on a
single vulnerable element, even if it is as simple as a horseshoe nail.
For the want of a nail.

Visit the web site www.hu.mtu.edu/~hlsachs where you can listen to two
stories, read a third, read reviews, and find links to the publishers of
my books.
 
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