Letters

Letters 12-05-2016

Trump going back on promises I’m beginning to suspect that we’ve been conned by our new president. He’s backpedaling on nearly every campaign promise he made to us...

This Christmas, think before you speak Now that Trump has won the election, a lot of folks who call themselves Christians seem to believe they have a mandate to force their beliefs on the rest of us. Think about doing this before you start yelling about people saying “happy holidays,” whining about Starbucks coffee cup image(s), complaining about other’s lifestyles…

First Amendment protects prayer (Re: Atheist Gary Singer’s contribution to the Crossed column titled “What will it take to make America great again?” in the Nov. 21 edition of Northern Express.) Mr. Singer, the First Amendment states: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof …”

Evidence of global warming Two basic facts underlay climate science: first, carbon dioxide was known to be a heat-trapping gas as early as 1850; and second, humans are significantly increasing the amount of CO2 in Earth’s atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels and other activities. We are in fact well on our way to doubling the CO2 concentrations in our atmosphere...

Other community backpack programs I just read your article in the Nov. 28 issue titled “Beneficial backpacks: Two local programs help children.” It is a good article, but there are at least two other such programs in the Traverse City area that I am aware of...

A ‘fox’ in the schoolhouse Trump’s proposed secretary of education, Betsy DeVos (“the fox” in Dutch), is a right-wing billionaire; relentless promoter of unlimited, unregulated charter schools and vouchers; and enemy of public schooling...

Home · Articles · News · Features · Star Sailor
. . . .

Star Sailor

Harley Sachs - July 7th, 2005
There’s a whirligig gadget on my window sill that may have come from a science museum, for it illustrates a power of light that is now being applied to space flight. It resembles a clear glass light bulb, but instead of a filament inside there’s a little windmill -- four black and white paddles that rotate on needle mounted in a pillar of glass. When sunlight strikes the paddles the gadget turns and in bright sunlight it spins. As long as the sun shines on it, it keeps on spinning.
The principle is simple: the pressure of the beams of light striking the blades causes the gadget to spin. This wouldn’t work if the blades were not sealed in a vacuum, for the pressure of the light is not strong enough to turn the blades in the presence of resistant air. This might seem like a perpetual motion machine, were it not for two factors. Eventually the pivot point where the blades rest on the column will wear out. So far, after many years on my window sill, that hasn’t happened. What has prevented this device from running forever is that the glass is not totally impermeable. Atom by atom, air has penetrated the glass so it is not a perfect vacuum and it takes more and more intense sunlight to make it turn.
But what if the same principle were applied to a sail on a space ship? Then, like the marvelous prairie schooner of Pecos Bill sailing across the sea of grass of our Great Plains, a space ship would go on in the vacuum of space, accelerating forever.

ULTRA-THIN SAILS
That was precisely the intention of a new space experiment launched from the Russian nuclear submarine Borisoglebsk. A Volne intercontinental ballistic missile was modified to carry the sailing space vehicle, Cosmos-1 and launched on what was planned to be a 500 mile high orbit. That was a nice peaceful modification for an otherwise lethal ICBM.
According to the website for the California-based Planetary Society, which sponsored the craft, signals were recorded independently at three ground stations, at Petropavlovsk in Kamchatka, Majuro in the Marshall Islands and Panska Ves in the Czech Republic, that Cosmos-1 was expected to pass over.
The society web page describes the Cosmos 1 as having eight triangular sails, each 50 feet long with the spacecraft’s body at the center. If the launch was successful, once reaching orbit the space craft would open the ultra-thin sails to be driven by the power of impacting photons from the sun, just like my window sill gadget.
This is seen as a solution for space flight, for such a space ship doesn’t need to carry fuel for propulsion. Like my 22-foot-sloop which sails Lake Superior on free wind, the Cosmos-1 would sail through space propelled by the pressure of a kind of solar wind.

MISSING
Unfortunately, although it was sponsored by Planetary Society enthusiasts from around the world, the Cosmos-1 has gone missing.. Apparently one engine of the Volne missile failed and the Cosmos-1 disappeared.
This doesn’t mean that the adventure is over. If you visit their web site you’ll discover that the Society sells T shirts, Cosmos-1 souvenirs, and posts a great deal of information about space flight going back to the days of Jules Verne and other science fiction imagineers for whom the Cosmos-1 is a present reality.
Now when I look at that little spinning solar windmill on my window sill, I will think of the Cosmos-1 and adventures of future sailors in space.





 
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