Letters 08-31-2015

Inalienable Rights This is a response to the “No More State Theatre” in your August 24th edition. I think I will not be the only response to this pathetic and narrow-minded letter that seems rather out of place in the northern Michigan that I know. To think we will not be getting your 25 cents for the movie you refused to see, but more importantly we will be without your “two cents” on your thoughts of a marriage at the State Theatre...

Enthusiastically Democratic Since I was one of the approximately 160 people present at when Senator Debbie Stabenow spoke on August 14 in Charlevoix, I was surprised to read in a letter to Northern Express that there was a “rather muted” response to Debbie’s announcement that she has endorsed Hillary Clinton for president...

Not Hurting I surely think the State Theatre will survive not having the homophobic presence of Colleen Smith and her family attend any matinees. I think “Ms.” Smith might also want to make sure that any medical personnel, bank staff, grocery store staff, waiters and/or waitress, etc. are not homosexual before accepting any service or product from them...

Stay Home I did not know whether to laugh or cry when I read the letter of the extremely homophobic, “disgusted” writer. She now refuses to patronize the State Theatre because she evidently feels that its confines have been poisoned by the gay wedding ceremony held there...

Keep Away In response to Colleen Smith of Cadillac who refused to bring her family to the State Theatre because there was a gay wedding there: Keep your 25 cents and your family out of Traverse City...

Celebrating Moore And A Theatre I was 10 years old when I had the privilege to see my first film at the State Theatre. I will never forget that experience. The screen was almost the size of my bedroom I shared with my older sister. The bursting sounds made me believe I was part of the film...

Outdated Thinking This letter is in response to Colleen Smith. She made public her choice to no longer go to the State Theater due to the fact that “some homosexuals” got married there. I’m not outraged by her choice; we don’t need any more hateful, self-righteous bigots in our town. She can keep her 25 cents...

Mackinac Pipeline Must Be Shut Down Crude oil flowing through Enbridge’s 60-yearold pipeline beneath the Mackinac Straits and the largest collection of fresh water on the planet should be a serious concern for every resident of the USA and Canada. Enbridge has a very “accident” prone track record...

Your Rights To Colleen, who wrote about the State Theatre: Let me thank you for sharing your views; I think most of us are well in support of the first amendment, because as you know- it gives everyone the opportunity to express their opinions. I also wanted to thank Northern Express for not shutting down these types of letters right at the source but rather giving the community a platform for education...

No Role Model [Fascinating Person from last week’s issue] Jada quoted: “I want to be a role model for girls who are interested in being in the outdoors.” I enjoy being in the outdoors, but I don’t want to kill animals for trophy...

Home · Articles · News · Other Opinions · Pure greed drove Wall...
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Pure greed drove Wall Street

Sen. Carl Levin - May 3rd, 2010
Pure greed drove Wall Street
By Sen. Carl Levin
The freezing of financial markets and the collapse of financial
institutions that sparked last week‘s Senate investigation are not
just numbers on a balance sheet. These numbers reflect millions of
Americans who lost their jobs, their homes and their businesses in a
recession that the housing crisis sparked, creating the worst economic
decline since the Great Depression. Behind these numbers are American
families who are still suffering the effects of a man-made economic
Our goal on the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, which
I chair, has been to construct a record of the facts in order to
deepen our understanding of what went wrong; to inform the legislative
debate about the need for financial reform; and to provide a
foundation for building better defenses to protect Main Street from
Wall Street.
Our first hearing dealt with the impact of high-risk mortgage lending,
focusing on a case study of Washington Mutual (WaMu) bank, whose
leaders embarked on a reckless strategy to pursue higher profits by
emphasizing high-risk loans. These are not loans that were just likely
to fail. These loans also created real hardships for the borrowers as
well as the risk for the bank itself.
There was basically a conveyor belt that fed toxic, bad, reckless
mortgages into a financial system, just like a polluter dumps poison
into a river. The package that came downstream was a mortgage-backed
security that WaMu sold to get the enormous risk of these mortgages
off its own books and shifted to somebody else.
The second hearing examined how federal regulators at the Office of
Thrift Supervision saw the problems at Washington Mutual year after
year and did nothing to stop them. Supervision that should have been
conducted at arm’s length, instead was done arm-in-arm with the bank
it was supposed to be regulating.
The third hearing dealt with credit rating agencies, Standard & Poor’s
and Moody’s. While Washington Mutual and other lenders dumped their
bad loans, credit rating agencies were assuring everybody that the
poison water was safe to drink. Triple-A ratings were slapped on
bottles of high-risk financial products.
We’ve got to do something about the inherent conflict of interest that
is involved when credit rating agencies are paid by the people whose
products they are rating.
Yesterday’s hearing focused on the actions during 2007 when the
housing bubble burst. Goldman Sachs, one of the oldest firms on Wall
Street, has documents that make it very clear that it was betting
against the housing market while it was aggressively selling
investments in the housing market to its own clients. It was selling
high-risk, mortgage-backed securities... reaching out with one hand
to prospective buyers, but with the other hand betting against those
same securities.
What we discovered in this investigation is that there is a conflict
of interest too often between what’s in Goldman interest, what’s good
for their bottom line, and what is in its clients’ interests. These
are deeply troubling findings.
There not only was a collapse of a housing market. There was a
collapse of values. And extreme greed is the thread that connects
these events, starting with those mortgages that were sold by
Washington Mutual Bank; extreme greed that, indeed, involved the
people who were supposed to be doing the credit rating, being paid and
doing a lousy job, rating the financial instruments.
So what we’ve got to do is build defenses against these kinds of
excesses... We see the problems. Americans see the problems.
Americans cannot understand how a company can design and build a
product and sell that product to its clients while at the same time
they are betting that the product will fail. It just runs contrary to
common sense.
If you’re going to sell somebody a pair of defective shoes and
you’re betting on the failure of the product to make a profit,
hopefully, most Americans would say that kind of a conflict of
interest has got to be stopped.
Goldman Sachs made a bet against the very instrument that they put
together to sell to their customers. That, to me, is incredible. And
they and a lot of other people on Wall Street were engaged in what we
call credit default swaps, which are nothing more than casino bets as
to whether something will happen or not.
If people want to bet on that, let them bet. But when the government
ends up paying the winning bettor, now you’ve got a problem. Where the
company that is taking those bets and ensuring those bets, as in the
case of A.I.G., is sure to fail, that’s a problem. When they insure so
many bets that if that private company fails, the economy is going to
be terribly damaged as result and taxpayers end up paying off those
bets -- that has got to be stopped as well. These are just casino
bets, and we shouldn’t be paying the winner.
Throughout these hearings we see a lack of accountability. Executives
at Washington Mutual made reckless mortgage loans and were not held
accountable. Executives at Goldman Sachs and their company who
packaged many of these same loans into toxic securities and then took
a conflict of interest position on it -- no accountability. Regulators
and credit rating agencies that were supposed to check these excesses
-- no accountability. In each case, senior leaders managed to avoid
responsibility for their contributions to a crisis which caused
millions of Americans to lose their jobs or their homes or their
Now, others may fail to take responsibility for their actions, but we
must exercise our accountability. We must act. I do not understand how
our Republican colleagues can continue to obstruct the start of a
debate on reform.
The Dodd Financial Reform Bill takes very significant steps relative
to the banking area, the regulators’ area, or the credit rating area.
There are some people who say they don’t like portions of the Dodd
bill. Okay, bring the bill to the floor and let’s debate it. Let’s
legislate it. There are a lot of areas in this bill that can be
Where there are differences, we have to bring those differences to the
floor and debate them and offer amendments and vote them up or down.
That’s our responsibility, and it is irresponsible to block that
process from taking place.
I think almost all of us say we want reform. The reform process has
been thwarted by a filibuster. It is wrong, and the remedies that are
offered can be debated, and can be voted, and are essential to avoid a
repeat of this disaster.

Taken from an edited and condensed version of U.S. Senator Carl
Levin‘s (D-MI) Senate Floor Statement on Financial Reform.

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